The aim of this project is to develop a
theoretical model to investigate the fast light effect on a single photon level
and to simulate the experimental results.
Can single photons travel faster than c, the speed of light?
"Fast" light, or light that goes faster than it should, is a
well known phenomenon for laser light and it does not contradict special
relativity. But what about single photons? There are still debates on if single
photons can travel faster than light, and if possible, on whether or not we can
actually measure them. We have clear experimental evidence that show
faster-than-light single photons and we want to understand the physics behind
these results and create a model that can replicate them.
Goals of the project (which
may be modified according to the interests of the student)
• develop an understanding of the change in light velocity through
media, with focus on fast single photons;
• understand how the special relativity constrains apply to single
photons through fast-light media;
• develop a theoretical model that can fit the experimental evidence for
fast and slow single photons.
Knowledge of quantum mechanics (e.g. from 10112 Advanced Quantum Mechanics) and Matlab programming.