Projekt

Assessing the effect of harbor expansion on the abundance and distribution of bottlenose dolphins in Charleston Harbor South Carolina using a spatially-explicit population model

Udbyder

Vejleder

Sted

København og omegn

Marine infrastructure development and expansion are required to adapt to the growth and diversification of blue economies which many countries are prioritizing to stimulate national economic growth. We need to ensure that the environmental footprint of these construction activities does not impair national efforts to maintain and restore biodiversity.

The deepening of Charleston Harbor (South Carolina) is a national priority project in the USA to increase the region’s shipping volume and activities. A population of bottlenose dolphins resides in this harbor (Bossart et al. 2017, Bouchillon et al. 2020, Weinpress-Galipeau et al. 2021) which have been exposed to about two years of construction activities (primarily dredging) for this project. We know that these human activities are stressors for this species which can affect their distribution and density (Pirotta et al. 2013). However, there is currently no information about the potential impact of such a large-scale marine construction effort on bottlenose dolphin abundance and distribution. As the blue economy will require such large-scale infrastructure development more regularly over the coming decade, we need to learn from Charleston Harbor’s experience to better predict and manage the conservation impacts of harbor expansion on dolphins.

In this project, you will use a unique pre-existing dataset of photo-identification surveys carried out for two years prior to the construction starting and two years during construction to assess whether the distribution and abundance of bottlenose dolphins changed during construction in Charleston Harbor. You will use spatially-explicit mark-recapture models (Christiansen et al. 2015, Pirotta et al. 2015a, 2015b) to determine whether the population distribution changed in the harbor as construction progressed. For those individual dolphins photographically captured regularly, you will assess whether their movement and distribution are associated with the dynamics of construction activities in the harbor.

This information will be used to determine the impact of the harbor deepening in this ecologically and socially important species as well as help inform global impact assessments. You will have the opportunity to interact with our South Carolina Aquarium partners throughout the project and help in the dissemination of your findings beyond peer-reviewed publications.

References

Bossart, G. D., P. Fair, A. M. Schaefer, and J. S. Reif. 2017. Health and Environmental Risk Assessment Project for bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus from the southeastern USA. I. Infectious diseases. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 125:141–153.

Bouchillon, H., N. S. Levine, and P. A. Fair. 2020. GIS Investigation of the relationship of sex and season on the population distribution of common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in Charleston, South Carolina. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 34:1552–1566.

Christiansen, F., C. G. Bertulli, M. H. Rasmussen, and D. Lusseau. 2015. Estimating cumulative exposure of wildlife to non‐lethal disturbance using spatially explicit capture–recapture models. The Journal of Wildlife Management 79:311–324.

Pirotta, E., J. Harwood, P. M. Thompson, L. New, B. Cheney, M. Arso, P. S. Hammond, C. Donovan, and D. Lusseau. 2015a. Predicting the effects of human developments on individual dolphins to understand potential long-term population consequences. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 282.

Pirotta, E., B. E. Laesser, A. Hardaker, N. Riddoch, M. Marcoux, and D. Lusseau. 2013. Dredging displaces bottlenose dolphins from an urbanised foraging patch. Marine Pollution Bulletin 74:396–402.

Pirotta, E., P. M. Thompson, B. Cheney, C. R. Donovan, and D. Lusseau. 2015b. Estimating spatial, temporal and individual variability in dolphin cumulative exposure to boat traffic using spatially explicit capture–recapture methods. Animal Conservation 18:20–31.

Weinpress-Galipeau, M., H. Baker, B. Wolf, B. Roumillat, and P. A. Fair. 2021. An adaptive bottlenose dolphin foraging tactic, “shipside feeding,” using container ships in an urban estuarine environment. Marine Mammal Science 37:1159–1165.

 

I samarbejde med

Patricia Fair (South Carolina Aquarium & MUSC)

Forudsætninger

We are looking for motivated students interested in developing their statistical modelling skills

Søg i opslag
Kontakt

Virksomhed/organisation

DTU Aqua

Navn

David Lusseau

Stilling

Professor

Mail

davlu@aqua.dtu.dk

Vejleder-info

Kandidatuddannelsen i Akvatisk Videnskab og Teknologi

Vejleder

David Lusseau

ECTS-point

30 - 35

Type

Kandidatspeciale

OM DTU

DTU er et teknisk eliteuniversitet med international rækkevidde og standard. Vores mission er at udvikle og nyttiggøre naturvidenskab og teknisk videnskab til gavn for samfundet. 10.000 studerende uddanner sig her til fremtiden, og 5.700 medarbejdere har hver dag fokus på uddannelse, forskning, myndighedsrådgivning og innovation, som bidrager til øget vækst og velfærd.

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Anker Engelunds Vej 1
Bygning 101A
2800 Kgs. Lyngby


45 25 25 25

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CVR-nr. 30 06 09 46

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