ongoing reduction in the use of fossil fuels includes also the substitution of
gasoline and diesel in the transportation sector. The future scenario forecasts
direct electrification of vehicles fleet via electric batteries, but the
extension of electric engines to heavy transportation sector seems still
infeasible. In this perspective biofuels, such as synthetic natural gas (SNG),
from biomass represent a valid alternative to gasoline and diesel in internal
combustion engines of heavy transportation vehicles. Nevertheless, biomass is a
scarce resource and therefore boosting the conversion of the carbon contained
in the biomass through use of renewable electricity (producing the so-called “electrofuels”)
represents a more sustainable solution.
Aim of the work:
analyze a flexible system that can produce SNG combining biomass gasification
using a TwoStage gasifier and electricity from renewable energy sources deeply
integrated in the system through solid oxide cells (SOCs). The possibility to
operate the system with different outputs (poly-generation system) enables to
run the system no matter the electricity price, thus increasing the capacity
Development of the project:
the work builds on top of a Ph.D. study oriented
towards the production of methanol instead of SNG. The system will be developed
through the thermodynamic modeling tool Dynamic Network Analysis (DNA). The
analysis could comprehend a comparison with the system for methanol production,
as well as a comparison with more traditional systems.
Master student in Mechanical, Chemical, Environmental or Management Engineering with good knowledge of thermodynamics and good modeling and analysis skills.