Project

Theory of charged domain walls in multiferroic materials

Publisher

Supervisor

Location

Greater Copenhagen area

Multiferroic materials are materials that are characterized by both magnetic order and charge order (ferroelectric order). The magnetic order can thus be manipulated with electric fields and vice versa. Typically, the ferroelectric order is arranged in certains domains and the boundary between two domains is called a domain wall. If the polarization in a domain has a component orthogonal to the domain it follows from standard electrostatics that the domain wall will be charged and the result is a two-dimensional metallic system localized at the domain wall.

In a multiferroic material the domain walls may be magnetic as well as metallic and one may obatain a unique two-dimensional magnet that can be manipulated with electric fields (beacause they are charged) and carry stable magnetization that is topologically protected by the domain structure.

The domain structure in multiferroics is currently a promising candidate for future non-volatile memory devices, since the domain boundaries are extremely sharp and allow for very dense data storage based on the domain structure.

In the present project we will unravel the physics of charged domain walls in multiferroic materials using first principles quantum mechanical computer simulations. In particualr we will examine the stability of charged domain walls and investigate the mechanism under which they form. We will then look into their physical properties such as magnetization, conductivity and mobility, which are the relevant quantities to understand if we are to contribute to the design and applicability of novel memory devices.

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Contact

Company / Organization

DTU Fysik

Name

Thomas Olsen

Position

Lektor

Mail

tolsen@fysik.dtu.dk

Supervisor info

BSc in Physics and Nanotechnology

Supervisor

Thomas Olsen

ECTS credits

15 - 30

Type

BSc project, MSc thesis

Technical University of Denmark

For almost two centuries DTU, Technical University of Denmark, has been dedicated to fulfilling the vision of H.C. Ørsted – the father of electromagnetism – who founded the university in 1829 to develop and create value using the natural sciences and the technical sciences to benefit society.


Today, DTU is ranked as one of the foremost technical universities in Europe, continues to set new records in the number of publications, and persistently increases and develops our partnerships with industry, and assignments accomplished by DTU’s public sector consultancy.

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Anker Engelunds Vej 1
Bygning 101A
2800 Kgs. Lyngby

Denmark



Tlf. (+45) 45 25 25 25

CVR-nr. 30 06 09 46

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